TOGETHER CBD COP 15____KUNMING 2020 TOWARDS A GLOBAL DEAL FOR NATURE  & PEOPLE

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Other Effective Conservation Measures

When it comes to biodiversity, Protected Areas Management is arguably one of the most challenging issues. In addition to its participation to regional events, Post2020 Biodiversity Framework - EU Support organizes workshops and bilateral meetings with all stakeholders involved in protected areas policies: countries, cities, NGOs, civil society...

Latin America and the Caribbean comprises important partner countries for the project (Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru). Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework - EU Support works closely with delegates and other stakeholders, organizing workshop and taking part in regional events on topics such as Protected Areas, sustainable use of biodiversity, Area-Based Conservation Measures or urban biodiversity.

Brazil has ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1994. It is the most biologically diverse country in the world and it has been ranked as the 1st out of world’s 17 most megadiverse countries, and second only to Indonesia in terms of species endemism. The Project aims to build a strong and fruitful relationship with brazilian government and subnational territories, organizing and attending workshops on topics such as restoration or sustainable consumption and production.

While the Nagoya CBD COP10, held in Japan in 2010, set international negotiations agenda and objectives for the next decade, the upcoming CBD COP15 that will take place in Kunming (China) next year will be a watershed year for biodiversity: it will assess results, and identify next major steps for international community in the post-2020 biodiversity framework.

Digital Sequence Information (DSI) enables the access to DNA sequence data and is of strong interest for scientists and researchers. The notion is currently being discussed due to the demand from several Parties to determine access and benefit-sharing requirements.

Egypt has one of the most diverse marine biodiversity in the world and was hosting CBD COP14 in 2018 in Sharm El Sheikh, named "Investing in Biodiversity for People and Planet".

Colombia has ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1994. Colombia is listed as one of the world’s “megadiverse” countries, hosting close to 10% of the planet’s biodiversity. With 314 types of ecosystems, it possesses a rich complexity of ecological, climatic, biological and ecosystem components. At the regional and subnational levels, Colombia is recognized as a leader in terms on sustainable use, fight against wildlife trafficking and works efficiently to foster synergies between biodiversity and metropolises

Uganda has ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1993. Uganda is a landlocked country located where seven of Africa’s biogeographic regions converge, making it a country with a high level of biodiversity. Despite its small size, it has an extraordinary amount of diversity in both terrestrial and aquatic habitats. Francis Ogwal, Uganda National focal point for the CBD has also been appointed as Co-Chair of the Working Group on the post-2020 framework.

Japan has ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1993. Japan, with a small land area of about 38 million hectares, has a rich biodiversity. The number of known species in Japan is estimated to be over 90,000, and to exceed 300,000 if unclassified species are included. Japan hosted CBD COP10 in 2010 (Nagoya) that gave a vision for the decade to come and set the Aichi targets.

France has ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1994. French protected areas already cover more than 20% of the metropolitan (mainland) territory, though with different levels of protection. France will host the IUCN World Conservation Congress in  Marseille June 2020; this will be a major event in the run-up to COP15. The Project headquarters are also located in Expertise France offices in Paris.

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), known informally as the Biodiversity Convention, is a multilateral treaty. The Convention has three main goals including: the conservation of biological diversity; the sustainable use of its components; and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources. The Convention has 196 parties, which includes 195 states and the European Union. Post2020 Biodiversity Framework-EU Support is eager to work hand in hand with a number of Parties across the world.

Cities and subnational territories are tightly connected to biodiversity. Some great initiatives have already been taken by cities decision-makers all around the world, with the support of local communities and civil society organizations, to protect biodiversity and even benefit from it. Post2020 Biodiversity Framework - EU Support works hand in hand with those local stakeholders to foster commitments at the city level towards post-2020.

International and multilateral decision-making process on biodiversity will assuredly impact – hopefully in a positive way - future generations for decades to come. That is why Post2020 Biodiversity Framework-EU Support is eager to work hand in hand with the youth via civil society organizations and NGOs tackling biodiversity issues. Involving the youth into multilateral mobilization is crucial to ensure the transmission of a viable planet to future generation.

The project works in close cooperation with civil society organizations involved on biodiversity issues and especially targeting the Youth.

Non-state actors can play a significant role in strengthening the implementation of a post-2020 global biodiversity framework. It is important to encourage voluntary commitments from all relevant actors and stakeholders, including the private sector, starting prior to the COP 15 and onward, to contribute to an effective post-2020 global biodiversity framework and to make such information available as a contribution to the Sharm El-Sheikh to Kunming Action Agenda as agreed in COP 14. The project aims at boosting businesses commitments to reach ambitious targets and relies on their active participation to up-coming international forums and workshops.

Chinas has ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1995. The country is among the 12 mega-biodiverse countries in the world. China will be the hosting country of CBD COP15 that will take place in Kunming in October 2020. It thus makes it a key partner for Post2020 Biodiversity Framework – EU Support

The European Union has ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1994. The main ecosystems in Europe are croplands (33%), forests (30%), pastures (16%) and urban land (2%). Centuries of diverse farming and forestry traditions, resulting in a wide range of agricultural and woodland landscapes, have significantly contributed to Europe’s biodiversity. Post2020 Biodiversity Framework is financed by the European Union and works hand in hand with the EU members to foster commitments ahead of COP15.

NBS are defined by IUCN as actions to protect, sustainably manage, and restore natural or modified ecosystems, that address societal challenges effectively and adaptively, simultaneously providing human well-being and biodiversity benefits.

MEAs are defined as generic terms for treaties, conventions, protocols and other binding instruments related to the environment. Usually applied to instruments of a geographic scope wider than that of a bilateral agreement.

Genetic resources represent unique sources of information that have shown enormous benefits to humans (food, biotechnology, medicines). Those genetic resources often come from megadiverse and complex ecosystems where traditional knowledge and local communities play a great role in maintaining natural resources. Access and Benefit-Sharing (ABS) aims at defining ways in which genetic resources may be accessed, and how benefits derived from their use are equally shared.

The SDGs are the blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all. They address the global challenges we face, including those related to poverty, inequality, climate, environmental degradation, prosperity, and peace and justice. The Goals interconnect and in order to leave no one behind, it is important that we achieve each Goal and target by 2030.

Urban biodiversity refers to the variety and variability among living organisms found in a city and the ecological systems in which they occur. Overall, urban biodiversity responds to a combination of biogeographic and anthropogenic factors, with a strong influence of the latter. In a rapidly urbanizing world, there is a growing interest in understanding how cities benefit from local biodiversity.

Natural Capital accounting is a tool to measure the changes in the stock of natural capital at a variety of scales and to integrate the values of ecosystem services into national accounting and reporting systems at different levels.

The mainstreaming of biodiversity can be defined as integrating or including actions related to conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity at every stage of the policy, plan, programme and project cycle, regardless whether international organizations, businesses or governments lead the process. This requires enhanced collaboration with development sectors and actors.

At next COP15 in Kunming, Parties are expected to make ambitious commitments to tackle biodiversity loss at a global scale, while ensuring the effective implementation of those commitments. Accountability has been identified as one of the most important means to cope with this key challenging issue. The project aims at facilitating/promoting the understanding and the promotion of accountability mechanisms guaranteeing that Parties are liable for the implementation of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework.

The CBD text defines sustainable use as the use of components of biological diversity in a way and at a rate that does not lead to the long-term decline of biological diversity, thereby maintaining its potential to meet the needs and aspirations of present and future generations. Natural renewable resources are unlimited resources. Sustainable use governance aims to support impacting sectors to reduce their burden on landscapes, seascapes, and ultimately on the relationship between Nature & People. The project’s objective is to create space for discussion between relevant stakeholders and experts in this field.

The Sharm El-Sheikh to Kunming Action Agenda for Nature and People aims to collect, coordinate and celebrate actions in support of biodiversity conservation and its sustainable use. The agenda seeks to mobilize action in the lead up to the fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP 15) in 2020. The Action Agenda has three main objectives: to raise public awareness about the urgent need to stem biodiversity loss and restore areas that may have suffered from human impact, to benefit the health of all living species, including humanity, and rebalance our global ecological system; to inspire and implement nature-based solutions to meet key global challenges; and to catalyse cooperative initiatives in support of global biodiversity goals.

Intergenerational Equity is the recognition that all generations share a common responsibility in ensuring a healthy planet for the generations that follow. More particularly, it advocates for those generations in policy-making positions to be accountable for their choices and to acknowledge, respect, hear and give space for youth to be included in decision-making processes at all levels, in all fairness for current and future human populations. This concept is at the core of Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework - EU Support’s campaign to support Youth voices for biodiversity.  

OECM Preparatory Workshop “Integrated Local Approaches to Ecosystems Restoration Governance” – Rio de Janeiro Side-event on Protected Areas and Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures – Lima Restoration Preparatory Workshop “Integrated Local Approaches to Ecosystems Restoration Governance” – Rio de Janeiro Side-event on Protected Areas and Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures – Lima Protected Areas Side-event on Protected Areas and Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures – Lima Latin American & Caribbean Region Side-event on Protected Areas and Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures – Lima Preparatory Workshop “Integrated Local Approaches to Ecosystems Restoration Governance” – Rio de Janeiro Latin American & Caribbean perspectives on the post-2020 global biodiversity framework – Santiago de Chile Brazil “Integrated Local Approaches to Ecosystems Restoration Governance” – Rio de Janeiro Asia MAB Youth Forum – Changbaishan EU-Japan Dialogue – Tokyo EU-China Dialogue – Beijing Digital Sequence Information Natural Capital Accounting, ABS, DSI – Kampala Egypt COP14 – Sharm el Sheikh Colombia The Nature of Cities – TNOC Medellín Uganda Natural Capital Accounting, ABS, DSI – Kampala Japan EU-Japan Dialogue - Tokyo France The Nature of Cities Summit – TNOC Paris Les Rendez-vous de l’Expertise – UNESCO “Youth Leadership Dialogue” for the Planet at UNESCO HQ – Paris “#BiodiversityNeedsYouTH !”: Paris Peace Forum – Paris DISCOVERING BIODIVERSITY INITIATIVES IN LILLE Parties UNCCD COP14 Side Event – New Delhi The Nature of Cities – TNOC Medellín COP14 - Sharm el Sheikh EU-China Dialogue – Beijing EU-Japan Dialogue - Tokyo Natural Capital Accounting Workshop – Addis Ababa Natural Capital Accounting, ABS, DSI – Kampala CITES COP18 – Geneva Preparatory Workshop “Integrated Local Approaches to Ecosystems Restoration Governance” – Rio de Janeiro Cities The Nature of Cities – Medellín The Nature of Cities - TNOC Paris DISCOVERING BIODIVERSITY INITIATIVES IN LILLE Youth 1RST OPEN-ENDED WORKING GROUP - OEWG NAIROBI “Youth Leadership Dialogue” for the Planet at UNESCO HQ – Paris “#BiodiversityNeedsYouTH !”: Paris Peace Forum – Paris MAB Youth Forum Civil Society Organizations Les Rendez-vous de l’Expertise – UNESCO The Nature of Cities Summit - TNOC Paris Businesses Les Rendez-vous de l’Expertise – UNESCO China EU-China Dialogue - Beijing MAB Youth Forum EU EU-Japan Dialogue - Tokyo EU-China Dialogue - Beijing EU workshop on commitments, implementation and accountability - Brussels Les Rendez-vous de l’Expertise – UNESCO Nature Based Solutions MAB Youth Forum – Changbaishan Multilateral Environment Agreements UNCCD COP14 Side Event – New Delhi CITES COP18 - Geneva Les Rendez-vous de l’Expertise – UNESCO Access and Benefit-Sharing Natural Capital Accounting, ABS, DSI - Kampala Sustainable Development Goals COP14 – Sharm el Sheikh The Nature of Cities Summit - TNOC Paris The Nature of Cities – Medellín Urban biodiversity The Nature of Cities – Medellín The Nature of Cities - TNOC Paris UNCCD COP14 Side Event – New Delhi DISCOVERING BIODIVERSITY INITIATIVES IN LILLE Natural Capital Accounting Natural Capital Accounting Workshop – Addis Ababa Natural Capital Accounting, ABS, DSI - Kampala Mainstreaming The Nature of Cities - TNOC Paris The Nature of Cities – TNOC Medellín Accountability EU-Japan Dialogue - Tokyo EU workshop on commitments, implementation and accountability - Brussels Sustainable use EU-Japan Dialogue - Tokyo The Nature of Cities – Medellín Side-event on Protected Areas and Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures – Lima CEPAL – Latin American & Caribbean perspectives on the post-2020 global biodiversity framework – Santiago Action Agenda COP14 – Sharm el Sheikh EU-Japan Dialogue - Tokyo “Integrated Local Approaches to Ecosystems Restoration Governance” – Rio MAB Youth Forum – Changbaishan “Youth Leadership Dialogue” for the Planet at UNESCO HQ – Paris CEPAL – Latin American & Caribbean perspectives on the post-2020 global biodiversity framework – Santiago Intergenerational Equity 1rst Open-Ended Working Group - OEWG Nairobi “Youth Leadership Dialogue” for the Planet at UNESCO HQ – Paris “#BiodiversityNeedsYouTH !”: Paris Peace Forum – Paris

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