TOGETHER CBD COP 15_____CHINA 2021 TOWARDS A GLOBAL DEAL FOR NATURE  & PEOPLE

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Among the propositions that are regularly brought forward by biodiversity stakeholders is the setting of an overall science-based "Apex target" for biodiversity that could be measured, quantified and tracked through implementation. This goal would convey the fundamental importance of nature in achieving climate resilience, sustainable development, and human well-being.

When it comes to biodiversity, Protected Areas Management is arguably one of the most challenging issues. In addition to its participation to regional events, Post2020 Biodiversity Framework - EU Support organizes workshops and bilateral meetings with all stakeholders involved in protected areas policies: countries, cities, NGOs, civil society...

Latin America and the Caribbean comprises important partner countries for the project (Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru). Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework - EU Support works closely with delegates and other stakeholders, organizing workshop and taking part in regional events on topics such as Protected Areas, sustainable use of biodiversity, Area-Based Conservation Measures or urban biodiversity.                                    Click here to watch our CEPAL videos.

Brazil has ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1994. It is the most biologically diverse country in the world and it has been ranked as the 1st out of world’s 17 most megadiverse countries, and second only to Indonesia in terms of species endemism. The Project aims to build a strong and fruitful relationship with brazilian government and subnational territories, organizing and attending workshops on topics such as restoration or sustainable consumption and production.

While the Nagoya CBD COP10, held in Japan in 2010, set international negotiations agenda and objectives for the next decade, the upcoming CBD COP15 that will take place in Kunming (China) next year will be a watershed year for biodiversity: it will assess results, and identify next major steps for international community in the post-2020 biodiversity framework.

Read our "Dialogue with #1" on EU-Japan Dialogue.

Digital Sequence Information (DSI) enables the access to DNA sequence data and is of strong interest for scientists and researchers. The notion is currently being discussed due to the demand from several Parties to determine access and benefit-sharing requirements.

The Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA) provides the Conference of the Parties with timely advice relating to the implementation of the Convention. It deals with informing the scientific and technical evidence base for the post-2020 global biodiversity framework. Our Project co-organized 5 side events during SBSTTA23 held in Montreal from November 25th to 29th.

Egypt has one of the most diverse marine biodiversity in the world and was hosting CBD COP14 in 2018 in Sharm El Sheikh, named "Investing in Biodiversity for People and Planet".

Colombia has ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1994. Colombia is listed as one of the world’s “megadiverse” countries, hosting close to 10% of the planet’s biodiversity. With 314 types of ecosystems, it possesses a rich complexity of ecological, climatic, biological and ecosystem components. At the regional and subnational levels, Colombia is recognized as a leader in terms on sustainable use, fight against wildlife trafficking and works efficiently to foster synergies between biodiversity and metropolises

Uganda has ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1993. Uganda is a landlocked country located where seven of Africa’s biogeographic regions converge, making it a country with a high level of biodiversity. Despite its small size, it has an extraordinary amount of diversity in both terrestrial and aquatic habitats. Francis Ogwal, Uganda National focal point for the CBD has also been appointed as Co-Chair of the Working Group on the post-2020 framework.

Japan has ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1993. Japan, with a small land area of about 38 million hectares, has a rich biodiversity. The number of known species in Japan is estimated to be over 90,000, and to exceed 300,000 if unclassified species are included. Japan hosted CBD COP10 in 2010 (Nagoya) that gave a vision for the decade to come and set the Aichi targets.

Read our "Dialogue with #1" on EU-Japan Dialogue.

France has ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1994. French protected areas already cover more than 20% of the metropolitan (mainland) territory, though with different levels of protection. France will host the IUCN World Conservation Congress in  Marseille June 2020; this will be a major event in the run-up to COP15. The Project headquarters are also located in Expertise France offices in Paris.

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), known informally as the Biodiversity Convention, is a multilateral treaty. The Convention has three main goals including: the conservation of biological diversity; the sustainable use of its components; and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources. The Convention has 196 parties, which includes 195 states and the European Union. Post2020 Biodiversity Framework-EU Support is eager to work hand in hand with a number of Parties across the world.

Cities and subnational governments territories are tightly connected to biodiversity.  Great initiatives have already been taken by cities decision-makers all around the world, with the support of local communities and civil society organizations, to protect biodiversity and benefit from it. The Post2020 Biodiversity Framework - EU Support works hand in hand with ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability, a global network of more than 1,750 local and subnational governments committed to sustainable urban development, and its Cities Biodiversity Center (CBC) embedded in ICLEI Africa Regional Office. As the only subnational government network accredited as an observer of all three Rio  Conventions (UNFCCC, UNCCD & CBD), ICLEI is a leading partner of the Global Partnership on Local and Subnational Action for Biodiversity working with the Group of Leading Subnational Governments Toward Aichi Biodiversity Targets (GoLS), the European Committee of the Regions (CoR), and Regions4 Sustainable Development (Regions4) to advance its global biodiversity advocacy agenda and foster commitments by local and subnational stakeholders towards post-2020. The primary goal of our joint advocacy work is to ensure that the voice of local and subnational governments is heard loudly throughout the consultation and negotiation process leading up to, and at COP 15; and that local and subnational governments are meaningfully recognized as key implementers of the global biodiversity agenda over the coming decades. As such, ICLEI is working to mobilize its constituency to engage and participate in the consultation and negotiation process, with the aim of shaping the Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework • Read our new publication on Local and subnational actors. • Join CitiesWithNature, the local and subnational engagement platform endorsed by the CBD Secretariat as the official mechanism through which local and subnational governments share their biodiversity commitments, and actions, and will in turn connect, share, learn, and inspire each other! • Follow the roadmap for local and subnational governments fostering constituencies participation in the Post 2020 Biodiversity Framework process with Mobilization events worldwide. • Keep yourself updated signing up to ICLEI Post 2020 newsletter !Watch the monthly Post 2020 Local and Subnational Government Information WebinarsWatch our video on The Nature of Cities Summit.

International and multilateral decision-making process on biodiversity will assuredly impact – hopefully in a positive way - future generations for decades to come. That is why Post2020 Biodiversity Framework-EU Support is eager to work hand in hand with the youth via civil society organizations and NGOs tackling biodiversity issues. Involving the youth into multilateral mobilization is crucial to ensure the transmission of a viable planet to future generation. Read our "Mobilization with #2" on Youth Mobilization.

The project works in close cooperation with civil society organizations involved on biodiversity issues and especially targeting the Youth.

Africa is immensely rich in biodiversity. Its living organisms comprise around a quarter of global biodiversity. There are many examples of success and innovation in the conservation of Africa’s biodiversity, yet Africa is also experiencing unprecedented rates of population growth, urbanization and agricultural development, which create immense challenges in reconciling human well-being with environmental and economic prosperity. Our Project is thus actively committed to work hand-in-hand with African countries on biodiversity issues within post-2020 global biodiversity framework.

Non-state actors can play a significant role in strengthening the implementation of a post-2020 global biodiversity framework. It is important to encourage voluntary commitments from all relevant actors and stakeholders, including the private sector, starting prior to the COP 15 and onward, to contribute to an effective post-2020 global biodiversity framework and to make such information available as a contribution to the Sharm El-Sheikh to Kunming Action Agenda as agreed in COP 14. The project aims at boosting businesses commitments to reach ambitious targets and relies on their active participation to up-coming international forums and workshops.

Chinas has ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1995. The country is among the 12 mega-biodiverse countries in the world. China will be the hosting country of CBD COP15 that will take place in Kunming in October 2020. It thus makes it a key partner for Post2020 Biodiversity Framework – EU Support

NBS are defined by IUCN as actions to protect, sustainably manage, and restore natural or modified ecosystems, that address societal challenges effectively and adaptively, simultaneously providing human well-being and biodiversity benefits.

MEAs are defined as generic terms for treaties, conventions, protocols and other binding instruments related to the environment. Usually applied to instruments of a geographic scope wider than that of a bilateral agreement.

Genetic resources represent unique sources of information that have shown enormous benefits to humans (food, biotechnology, medicines). Those genetic resources often come from megadiverse and complex ecosystems where traditional knowledge and local communities play a great role in maintaining natural resources. Access and Benefit-Sharing (ABS) aims at defining ways in which genetic resources may be accessed, and how benefits derived from their use are equally shared.

The SDGs are the blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all. They address the global challenges we face, including those related to poverty, inequality, climate, environmental degradation, prosperity, and peace and justice. The Goals interconnect and in order to leave no one behind, it is important that we achieve each Goal and target by 2030.

Urban biodiversity refers to the variety and variability among living organisms found in a city and the ecological systems in which they occur. Overall, urban biodiversity responds to a combination of biogeographic and anthropogenic factors, with a strong influence of the latter. In a rapidly urbanizing world, there is a growing interest in understanding how cities benefit from local biodiversity.

Natural Capital accounting is a tool to measure the changes in the stock of natural capital at a variety of scales and to integrate the values of ecosystem services into national accounting and reporting systems at different levels.

Article 2 of the Convention on Biological Diversity defines “Other Effective area-based Conservation Measures” as geographically defined area other than a Protected Area, which is governed and managed in ways that achieve positive and sustained long- term outcomes for the insitu conservation of biodiversity,1 with associated ecosystem functions and services and, where applicable, cultural, spiritual, socioeconomic, and other locally relevant values”.

The mainstreaming of biodiversity can be defined as integrating or including actions related to conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity at every stage of the policy, plan, programme and project cycle, regardless whether international organizations, businesses or governments lead the process. This requires enhanced collaboration with development sectors and actors.

The CBD text defines sustainable use as the use of components of biological diversity in a way and at a rate that does not lead to the long-term decline of biological diversity, thereby maintaining its potential to meet the needs and aspirations of present and future generations. Natural renewable resources are unlimited resources. Sustainable use governance aims to support impacting sectors to reduce their burden on landscapes, seascapes, and ultimately on the relationship between Nature & People. The project’s objective is to create space for discussion between relevant stakeholders and experts in this field.

At next COP15 in Kunming, Parties are expected to make ambitious commitments to tackle biodiversity loss at a global scale, while ensuring the effective implementation of those commitments. Accountability has been identified as one of the most important means to cope with this key challenging issue. The project aims at promoting the understanding and the promotion of accountability mechanisms guaranteeing that Parties are liable for the implementation of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework.

Aichi Target 4 aims at contributing to the target established by the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation of changing unsustainable patterns of consumption and production by requiring that by 2020 the Parties have taken, or planning to take measures to promote sustainable consumption and production (SCP).

Intergenerational Equity is the recognition that all generations share a common responsibility in ensuring a healthy planet for the generations that follow. More particularly, it advocates for those generations in policy-making positions to be accountable for their choices and to acknowledge, respect, hear and give space for youth to be included in decision-making processes at all levels, in all fairness for current and future human populations. This concept is at the core of Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework - EU Support’s campaign to support Youth voices for biodiversity. Read our "Mobilization with #2" on Youth Mobilization.

Food System EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030: Bringing back nature into our lives Post 2020 Local and Subnational Government Information Webinar – Biodiversity, food and nutrition for Health Canada SBSTTA23: Local and subnational governments on nature-based solutions – Montreal SBSTTA23: An apex goal for the Post- 2020 biodiversity framework: Proposals from science – Montreal SBSTTA23: Roadmap For Youth Engagement – Montreal SBSTTA23: Latin American & Caribbean perspectives – Montreal SBSTTA23: From science-policy’s messages for transformational change to post-2020 political decisions and actions – Montreal Montreal Mayor’s open letter to world leaders of local and subnational governments Transformative change Costa Rica in the spotlight for the International Biodiversity Day Youth networks mobilize during Biodiversity Week 2020 EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030: Bringing back nature into our lives Post-2020 Pavilion Partnership Virtual Biodiversity Dialogues Political Opportunities and Challenges for Securing High Ambition in the Post-2020 global biodiversity framework Defining Costa Rica’s ambition for the Post 2020 biodiversity framework Costa Rica Costa Rica in the spotlight for the International Biodiversity Day Defining Costa Rica’s ambition for the Post 2020 biodiversity framework APEX Target SBSTTA23: An apex goal for the Post- 2020 biodiversity framework: Proposals from science – Montreal Mexico National consultation workshop on Post-2020 – Mexico Implementation Thematic Consultation on Transparent Implementation, Monitoring, Reporting and Review – Rome EU Presidency workshop on commitments, implementation and accountability – Brussels Second OEWG meeting – Rome 1rst Open-Ended Working Group – OEWG Nairobi EU dialogue on transformative change in the global post-2020 biodiversity framework – Brussels Restoration Preparatory Workshop “Integrated Local Approaches to Ecosystems Restoration Governance” – Rio de Janeiro Side-event on Protected Areas and Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures – Lima Brazilian Perspectives on the Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework – São Paulo European Union – African Group Dialogue on the Post 2020 Biodiversity Framework World Environment Day, Possible Dialogues Program 2020 – Brazil Protected Areas Side-event on Protected Areas and Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures – Lima World Environment Day, Possible Dialogues Program 2020 – Brazil Latin American & Caribbean Region Side-event on Protected Areas and Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures – Lima Preparatory Workshop “Integrated Local Approaches to Ecosystems Restoration Governance” – Rio de Janeiro Latin American & Caribbean perspectives on the post-2020 global biodiversity framework – Santiago de Chile SBSTTA23: Latin American & Caribbean perspectives – Montreal National consultation workshop on Post-2020 – Mexico razilian Perspectives on the Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework – São Paulo Brazil “Integrated Local Approaches to Ecosystems Restoration Governance” – Rio de Janeiro Brazilian Perspectives on the Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework – São Paulo World Environment Day, Possible Dialogues Program 2020 – Brazil Asia MAB Youth Forum – Changbaishan EU-Japan Dialogue – Tokyo 2nd EU-China Dialogue – Beijing 3rd EU-China workshop on biodiversity – Beijing Convention of the Conservation on Migratory Species of Wild Animals – Gandhinagar Digital Sequence Information Natural Capital Accounting, ABS, DSI – Kampala SBSTTA SBSTTA23: Local and subnational governments on nature-based solutions – Montreal SBSTTA23: An apex goal for the Post- 2020 biodiversity framework: Proposals from science – Montreal SBSTTA23: Roadmap For Youth Engagement – Montreal SBSTTA23: Latin American & Caribbean perspectives – Montreal SBSTTA23: From science-policy’s messages for transformational change to post-2020 political decisions and actions – Montreal Egypt COP14 – Sharm el Sheikh Colombia The Nature of Cities – TNOC Medellín Colombia National Consultation Workshop on Post-2020 - Bogotá Monitoring & Reporting Review Thematic Consultation on Transparent Implementation, Monitoring, Reporting and Review - Rome EU Presidency workshop on commitments, implementation and accountability – Brussels Uganda Natural Capital Accounting, ABS, DSI – Kampala Uganda national workshop on Zero Draft – Entebbe Japan EU-Japan Dialogue - Tokyo France The Nature of Cities Summit – TNOC Paris Les Rendez-vous de l’Expertise – UNESCO “Youth Leadership Dialogue” for the Planet at UNESCO HQ – Paris “#BiodiversityNeedsYouTH !”: Paris Peace Forum – Paris DISCOVERING BIODIVERSITY INITIATIVES IN LILLE Parties UNCCD COP14 Side Event – New Delhi The Nature of Cities – TNOC Medellín COP14 - Sharm el Sheikh EU-China Dialogue – Beijing EU-Japan Dialogue - Tokyo Natural Capital Accounting Workshop – Addis Ababa Natural Capital Accounting, ABS, DSI – Kampala CITES COP18 – Geneva Preparatory Workshop “Integrated Local Approaches to Ecosystems Restoration Governance UNFCCC COP25 - Madrid National consultation workshop on Post-2020 – Mexico EU Presidency workshop on commitments, implementation and accountability – Brussels Colombia National Consultation Workshop on Post-2020 - Bogotá Uganda national workshop on Zero Draft – Entebbe Thematic Consultation on Transparent Implementation, Monitoring, Reporting and Review - Rome International Day for Biological Diversity – UNESCO Costa Rica in the spotlight for the International Biodiversity Day Local and Subnational Governments The Nature of Cities – Medellín The Nature of Cities TNOC - Paris DISCOVERING BIODIVERSITY INITIATIVES IN LILLE SBSTTA23: Local and subnational governments on nature-based solutions – Montreal SBSTTA23: From science-policy’s messages for transformational change to post-2020 political decisions and actions – Montreal Local Brazilian Perspectives on the Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework – São Paulo Thematic Workshop for Subnational, Regional & Local Governments for the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework – Edimburgh Post 2020 Local and Subnational Government Information Webinar #10 Post 2020 Local and Subnational Government Information Webinar #11 Post 2020 Local and Subnational Government Information Webinar - Biodiversity, food and nutrition for Health Montreal Mayor’s open letter to world leaders of local and subnational governments Thematic Workshop for Subnational, Regional & Local Governments for the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework Post 2020 Local and Subnational Government Information Webinars #13 Youth 1RST OPEN-ENDED WORKING GROUP - NAIROBI “Youth Leadership Dialogue” for the Planet at UNESCO HQ – Paris #BiodiversityNeedsYouTH ! Paris Peace Forum – Paris MAB Youth Forum - Changbaishan SBSTTA23: Roadmap For Youth Engagement – Montreal African Youth Biodiversity Forum - Vhembe Biosphere Reserve Youth networks mobilize during Biodiversity Week 2020 Africa Day 2020: the African youth have already taken a stance for biodiversity! Civil Society Organizations Les Rendez-vous de l’Expertise – UNESCO The Nature of Cities Summit - TNOC Paris Post-2020 Pavilion Partnership Virtual Biodiversity Dialogues Political Opportunities and Challenges for Securing High Ambition in the Post-2020 global biodiversity framework Africa African Youth Biodiversity Forum - Vhembe Biosphere Reserve 1rst Open-Ended Working Group – Nairobi Natural Capital Accounting, ABS, DSI – Kampala Natural Capital Accounting Workshop – Addis Ababa COP14 – Sharm el Sheikh Sustainable consumption and production workshop – Rabat EU-African Group Dialogue on the Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework - eSwatini Uganda national workshop on Zero Draft – Entebbe Business Les Rendez-vous de l’Expertise – UNESCO Virtual Global Conference on Biodiversity Finance – OECD Conference: Nature’s Return, Finance Watch Building business resilience, Business For Nature China EU-China Dialogue - Beijing MAB Youth Forum Third EU-China workshop on biodiversity – Beijing Nature-Based Solutions MAB Youth Forum – Changbaishan SBSTTA23: Local and subnational governments on nature-based solutions – Montreal UNFCCC COP25 - Madrid SBSTTA23: From science-policy’s messages for transformational change to post-2020 political decisions and actions – Montreal Brazilian Perspectives on the Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework – São Paulo Costa Rica in the spotlight for the International Biodiversity Day World Environment Day, Possible Dialogues Program 2020 – Brazil Multilateral Environment Agreements UNCCD COP14 Side Event – New Delhi CITES COP18 - Geneva Les Rendez-vous de l’Expertise – UNESCO Second meeting of the Open-ended Working Group – Rome Convention of the Conservation on Migratory Species of Wild Animals – Gandhinagar Access and Benefit-Sharing Natural Capital Accounting, ABS, DSI - Kampala European Union – African Group Dialogue on the Post 2020 Biodiversity Framework Sustainable Development Goals COP14 – Sharm el Sheikh The Nature of Cities Summit - TNOC Paris The Nature of Cities – Medellín UNFCCC COP25 - Madrid African Youth Biodiversity Forum - Vhembe Biosphere Reserve Second meeting of the Open-ended Working Group – Rome Urban biodiversity The Nature of Cities – Medellín The Nature of Cities - TNOC Paris UNCCD COP14 Side Event – New Delhi DISCOVERING BIODIVERSITY INITIATIVES IN LILLE Natural Capital Accounting Natural Capital Accounting Workshop – Addis Ababa Natural Capital Accounting, ABS, DSI - Kampala OECM Preparatory Workshop “Integrated Local Approaches to Ecosystems Restoration Governance” – Rio de Janeiro Side-event on Protected Areas and Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures – Lima MAB Youth Forum – Changbaishan Mainstreaming The Nature of Cities - TNOC Paris The Nature of Cities – TNOC Medellín European Union – African Group Dialogue on the Post 2020 Biodiversity Framework Second meeting of the Open-ended Working Group – Rome Thematic Consultation on Transparent Implementation, Monitoring, Reporting and Review - Rome Sustainable use EU-Japan Dialogue - Tokyo The Nature of Cities – Medellín Side-event on Protected Areas and Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures – Lima CEPAL – Latin American & Caribbean perspectives on the post-2020 global biodiversity framework – Santiago Colombia National Consultation Workshop on Post-2020 - Bogotá Second OEWG meeting – Rome Convention of the Conservation on Migratory Species of Wild Animals – Gandhinagar Accountability EU-Japan Dialogue - Tokyo EU workshop on commitments, implementation and accountability - Brussels SBSTTA23: From science-policy’s messages for transformational change to post-2020 political decisions and actions – Montreal Thematic Consultation on Transparent Implementation, Monitoring, Reporting and Review - Rome Sustainable Consumption & Production Sustainable consumption and production workshop – Rabat European Union – African Group Dialogue on the Post 2020 Biodiversity Framework - eSwatini Convention of the Conservation on Migratory Species of Wild Animals – Gandhinagar Intergenerational Equity 1rst Open-Ended Working Group - OEWG Nairobi “Youth Leadership Dialogue” for the Planet at UNESCO HQ – Paris “#BiodiversityNeedsYouTH !”: Paris Peace Forum – Paris African Youth Biodiversity Forum – Vhembe Biosphere Reserve Youth networks mobilize during Biodiversity Week 2020 Africa Day 2020: the African youth have already taken a stance for biodiversity!

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