Morocco hosts more than 24,000 animal species and 7,000 plant species. The country has one of the highest endemism rates among Mediterranean nations.
Nowadays, water stress is threatening agricultural ecosystems. The agricultural sector employs 40% of the Moroccan population who rely also on forests, wetlands and coastal ecosystems for their livelihoods. These resources are under pressure due to overexploitation, climate change, pollution, and habitats destruction and fragmentation.
Additionally, the growing urbanization causes serious effects on natural habitats through conversion of forests to agricultural land or urban areas.