Biodiversity is a human concern. Maintaining a healthy planet means looking after Nature while safeguarding the wellbeing of present and coming generations. We are now reaching a critical stage to advancing progress on the post2020 Global Biodiversity Framework negotations.
Hugo Rivera Mendoza, Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework – EU Support : “OEWG-4 is a key moment to install a spatial planning to protect ecosystems, sustainably manage all areas and increase connectivity to help species to adapt to climate change.”
The GBF is indeed our chance to reimagine our relationship with Nature. In these challenging times, multilateralism is more critical than ever. The fourth meeting of the Open Ended Working Group-OEWG4 is taking place this week in Nairobi gathering negotiators from around the world seeking agreement on :
- Actions to reach the 2050 Vision of living in harmony with nature in line with the milestones of the 2030 Agenda
- This includes addressing the five drivers of biodiversity loss – land sea use change, unsustainable exploitation, climate change, pollution, and invasive alien species – and relevant indirect drivers such as unsustainable production and consumption
- Defining how international performance will be tracked and reported, and ultimately how success will be defined and measured
- Resource mobilization and financial mechanisms, and
- Access to digital sequence information from genetic resources and sharing the benefits from their use.
The key objectives include :
- Working for the finalization of the GBF text for COP15, setting out the ambition of Parties with respect to outcome goals and related action targets, towards the 2050 vision of “living in harmony with nature”. These include targets related conservation, sustainable use and benefit-sharing, as well as addressing drivers of biodiversity loss subsidies and finance
- Strengthening the role of Indigenous peoples, local communities, youth and women and other stakeholders
- Setting a timeframe for implementation through National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans and for regular reviews of progress to 2030
- Setting the framework for resource mobilization and other means of implementation
- Highlighting the contribution of nature to climate change mitigation, adaptation and to other sustainable developing goals
- Charting the pathway to an agreement on the sharing of benefits from Digital Sequencing Information on genetic resources.
The co-chairs of the negotiations, Francis Ogwal of Uganda and Basille van Havre of Canada, expressed confidence that “delegations will come with a mandate for compromise and consensus that will enable them to work through differences in a constructive way.”
“Together the Parties and stakeholders can demonstrate once again the power of international cooperation and multilarism. Our differences do matter but our common humanity more.” Elizabeth Maruma Mrema, the Executive Secretary at UNEP/Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity at the opening press conference on OEWG 4.
The current draft text of the Framework includes medium-term milestones to 2030, as well as 4 goals and 21 targets for addressing both direct and indirect drivers of biodiversity loss.
As delegates are meeting in Nairobi, the whole of society including the Youth, Women, Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities, the business sector and the finance sector, civil society, cities and Subnational and Local Governments remain mobilised and ready to support parties to the UN Convention to ensure the effective adoption and the prompt implementation of a transformative Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework.
Watch the replay of the OEWG 3 in Geneva :
Read more here on transformative change in global biodiversity governance. Read our relevant 4-pagers :