TOGETHER CBD COP 15____KUNMING 2021 TOWARDS A GLOBAL DEAL FOR NATURE  & PEOPLE

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This describes the subsectors that make up agrifood systems: crops, livestock, forestry, aquaculture, and fisheries. Based on the relative abundance of land, labor, and capital, three broad agrifood systems can be distinguished. These are extensive (i.e., land-intensive), labor-, and capital-intensive systems. These are defined using a combination of biophysical and socioeconomic characteristics. The main structures and functions of these systems are described and, using proxies for each of the production factors these are mapped globally for crop-, livestock-, and forest-based agriculture.

The fourteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties affirmed that resource mobilization will be an integral part of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework and decided to initiate preparations of this resource mobilization component at an early stage, and in full coherence and coordination with the overall process of developing the post-2020 framework.

A group of 26 financial institutions from around the globe launched the Finance for Biodiversity Pledge calling on global leaders and committing to protect and restore biodiversity through their finance activities and investments in the run-up to the Conference of the Parties (COP 15) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in 2021. The Finance for Biodiversity Pledge was launched during the Nature for Life Hub at 25 September 2020 and the Biodiversity Summit of the United Nations General Assembly at 30 September 2020.

Healthy communities rely on well-functioning ecosystems. They provide clean air, fresh water, medicines and food security. They also limit disease and stabilize the climate. But biodiversity loss is happening at unprecedented rates, impacting human health worldwide, according to a state of knowledge report jointly published by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the World Health Organization (WHO).

Human activities are destroying nature at a rate much faster than it can replenish itself. The COVID-19 pandemic is a warning sign that the decline of nature is destabilizing society. A continued loss of nature threatens not only over half the global GDP, but more importantly human lives and wellbeing, with the poorest and most vulnerable hit first and hardest. As the climate crisis is deeply linked to the nature crisis, both need to be addressed simultaneously to drive a swift transition to a nature-positive, carbon-neutral future. The Post-2020 Pavilion is a collaborative partnership of many of the world’s largest environment development NGOs, foundations, as well as several UN organisations and representatives of youth, Indigenous Peoples, local communities and the business sector.

In the run-up to COP15, world leaders, subnational & local governments, cities, youth, businesses all mobilize and pledged to unit and improve their efforts to make this planet a better place for all. Read and sign the Leaders' Pledge for Nature, the Edinburgh Declaration, Youth Manifesto, Finance for Biodiversity Pledge,

The Post-2020 Partnership is a collaborative partnership of many of the world’s largest environment development NGOs, foundations, as well as several UN organisations and representatives of youth, Indigenous Peoples, local communities and the business sector.

The UNFCCC secretariat (UN Climate Change) is the United Nations entity tasked with supporting the global response to the threat of climate change.  UNFCCC stands for United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The Convention has near universal membership (197 Parties) and is the parent treaty of the 2015 Paris Agreement. The main aim of the Paris Agreement is to keep the global average temperature rise this century as close as possible to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. The UNFCCC is also the parent treaty of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol. The ultimate objective of all three agreements under the UNFCCC is to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that will prevent dangerous human interference with the climate system, in a time frame which allows ecosystems to adapt naturally and enables sustainable development.

The oceans cover 70% of the planet’s surface area, and marine and coastal environments contain diverse habitats that support an abundance of marine life. Life in our seas produces a third of the oxygen that we breathe, offers a valuable source of protein and moderates global climatic change. Some examples of marine and coastal habitats include mangrove forests; coral reefs; sea grass beds; estuaries in coastal areas; hydrothermal vents; and seamounts and soft sediments on the ocean floor a few kilometres below the surface.

The Convention on Biological Diversity defines an invasive alien species (IAS) as a species whose " introduction and / or spread threatens biodiversity". However, any "species" (usually individuals or populations of a species) introduced does not become "invasive alien".

Land-use planning is the process of regulating the use of land by a central authority. Usually, this is done in an effort to promote more desirable social and environmental outcomes as well as a more efficient use of resources.

A definition for ecological connectivity was developed at a meeting of experts held in 2019. It was later endorsed by the Thirteenth Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Migratory Species (COP13 CMS): “Ecological Connectivity is the unimpeded movement of species and the flow of natural processes that sustain life on Earth.

According to "The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity" published on the Convention on Biological Diversity website, subsidies come in many shapes and forms. They can include direct transfers of funds and potential direct transfers (to cover possible liabilities e.g. for nuclear accidents). They may consist of income or price support (e.g. for agricultural goods and water), tax credits, exemptions and rebates (e.g. for fuel), low-interest loans and guarantees, preferential treat- ment and use of regulatory support mechanisms (e.g. demand quotas). They can take the form of implicit income transfers when natural resources or services are not priced at full provisioning cost (e.g. water, energy).

There has never been a more urgent need to restore damaged ecosystems than now. Ecosystems support all life on Earth. The healthier our ecosystems are, the healthier the planet - and its people. The UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration aims to prevent, halt and reverse the degradation of ecosystems on every continent and in every ocean. It can help to end poverty, combat climate change and prevent a mass extinction. It will only succeed if everyone plays a part.

A protected area is a clearly defined geographical space, recognised, dedicated and managed, through legal or other effective means, to achieve the long term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values.

Latin America and the Caribbean comprises important partner countries for the project (Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru). Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework - EU Support works closely with delegates and other stakeholders, organizing workshop and taking part in regional events on topics such as Protected Areas, sustainable use of biodiversity, Area-Based Conservation Measures or urban biodiversity.

Brazil has ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1994. It is the most biologically diverse country in the world and it has been ranked as the 1st out of world’s 17 most megadiverse countries, and second only to Indonesia in terms of species endemism. The Project aims to build a strong and fruitful relationship with brazilian government and subnational territories, organizing and attending workshops on topics such as restoration or sustainable consumption and production.

While the Nagoya CBD COP10, held in Japan in 2010, set international negotiations agenda and objectives for the next decade, the upcoming CBD COP15 that will take place in Kunming (China) next year will be a watershed year for biodiversity: it will assess results, and identify next major steps for international community in the post-2020 biodiversity framework.

The Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA) provides the Conference of the Parties with timely advice relating to the implementation of the Convention. It deals with informing the scientific and technical evidence base for the post-2020 global biodiversity framework. Our Project co-organized 5 side events during SBSTTA23 held in Montreal from November 25th to 29th.

Egypt has one of the most diverse marine biodiversity in the world and was hosting CBD COP14 in 2018 in Sharm El Sheikh, named "Investing in Biodiversity for People and Planet".

Colombia has ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1994. Colombia is listed as one of the world’s “megadiverse” countries, hosting close to 10% of the planet’s biodiversity. With 314 types of ecosystems, it possesses a rich complexity of ecological, climatic, biological and ecosystem components. At the regional and subnational levels, Colombia is recognized as a leader in terms on sustainable use, fight against wildlife trafficking and works efficiently to foster synergies between biodiversity and metropolises

The Data Reporting Tool for MEAs – DaRT is the first tool supporting Parties to effectively use synergies in the field of knowledge and information management for national reporting to biodiversity-related conventions.

Uganda has ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1993. Uganda is a landlocked country located where seven of Africa’s biogeographic regions converge, making it a country with a high level of biodiversity. Despite its small size, it has an extraordinary amount of diversity in both terrestrial and aquatic habitats. Francis Ogwal, Uganda National focal point for the CBD has also been appointed as Co-Chair of the Working Group on the post-2020 framework.

Japan has ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1993. Japan, with a small land area of about 38 million hectares, has a rich biodiversity. The number of known species in Japan is estimated to be over 90,000, and to exceed 300,000 if unclassified species are included. Japan hosted CBD COP10 in 2010 (Nagoya) that gave a vision for the decade to come and set the Aichi targets. Read our "Dialogue with #1" on EU-Japan Dialogue.

France has ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1994. French protected areas already cover more than 20% of the metropolitan (mainland) territory, though with different levels of protection. France will host the IUCN World Conservation Congress in  Marseille January 2021; this will be a major event in the run-up to COP15. The Project headquarters are also located in Expertise France offices in Paris.

Cities and subnational governments territories are tightly connected to biodiversity.  Great initiatives have already been taken by cities decision-makers all around the world, with the support of local communities and civil society organizations, to protect biodiversity and benefit from it. The Post2020 Biodiversity Framework - EU Support works hand in hand with ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability, a global network of more than 1,750 local and subnational governments committed to sustainable urban development, and its Cities Biodiversity Center (CBC) embedded in ICLEI Africa Regional Office. As the only subnational government network accredited as an observer of all three Rio  Conventions (UNFCCC, UNCCD & CBD), ICLEI is a leading partner of the Global Partnership on Local and Subnational Action for Biodiversity working with the Group of Leading Subnational Governments Toward Aichi Biodiversity Targets (GoLS), the European Committee of the Regions (CoR), and Regions4 Sustainable Development (Regions4) to advance its global biodiversity advocacy agenda and foster commitments by local and subnational stakeholders towards post-2020.

Cities and subnational governments territories are tightly connected to biodiversity.  Great initiatives have already been taken by cities decision-makers all around the world, with the support of local communities and civil society organizations, to protect biodiversity and benefit from it. The Post2020 Biodiversity Framework - EU Support works hand in hand with ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability, a global network of more than 1,750 local and subnational governments committed to sustainable urban development, and its Cities Biodiversity Center (CBC) embedded in ICLEI Africa Regional Office. As the only subnational government network accredited as an observer of all three Rio  Conventions (UNFCCC, UNCCD & CBD), ICLEI is a leading partner of the Global Partnership on Local and Subnational Action for Biodiversity working with the Group of Leading Subnational Governments Toward Aichi Biodiversity Targets (GoLS), the European Committee of the Regions (CoR), and Regions4 Sustainable Development (Regions4) to advance its global biodiversity advocacy agenda and foster commitments by local and subnational stakeholders towards post-2020.

International and multilateral decision-making process on biodiversity will assuredly impact – hopefully in a positive way - future generations for decades to come. That is why Post2020 Biodiversity Framework-EU Support is eager to work hand in hand with the youth via civil society organizations and NGOs tackling biodiversity issues. Involving the youth networks - such as the Global Youth Biodiversity Network - into multilateral mobilization is crucial to ensure the transmission of a viable planet to future generation.

The project works in close cooperation with civil society organizations involved on biodiversity issues and especially targeting the Youth and subnational & local governments.

Africa is immensely rich in biodiversity. Its living organisms comprise around a quarter of global biodiversity. There are many examples of success and innovation in the conservation of Africa’s biodiversity, yet Africa is also experiencing unprecedented rates of population growth, urbanization and agricultural development, which create immense challenges in reconciling human well-being with environmental and economic prosperity. Our Project is thus actively committed to work hand-in-hand with African countries on biodiversity issues within post-2020 global biodiversity framework.

Non-state actors can play a significant role in strengthening the implementation of a post-2020 global biodiversity framework. It is important to encourage voluntary commitments from all relevant actors and stakeholders, including the private sector, starting prior to the COP 15 and onward, to contribute to an effective post-2020 global biodiversity framework and to make such information available as a contribution to the Sharm El-Sheikh to Kunming Action Agenda as agreed in COP 14. The project aims at boosting businesses commitments to reach ambitious targets and relies on their active participation to up-coming international forums and workshops.

Chinas has ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1995. The country is among the 12 mega-biodiverse countries in the world. China will be the hosting country of CBD COP15 that will take place in Kunming in October 2020. It thus makes it a key partner for Post2020 Biodiversity Framework – EU Support

The European Union has ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1994. The main ecosystems in Europe are croplands (33%), forests (30%), pastures (16%) and urban land (2%). Centuries of diverse farming and forestry traditions, resulting in a wide range of agricultural and woodland landscapes, have significantly contributed to Europe’s biodiversity. Post2020 Biodiversity Framework is financed by the European Union and works hand in hand with the EU members to foster commitments ahead of COP15.

NBS are defined by IUCN as actions to protect, sustainably manage, and restore natural or modified ecosystems, that address societal challenges effectively and adaptively, simultaneously providing human well-being and biodiversity benefits.

MEAs are defined as generic terms for treaties, conventions, protocols and other binding instruments related to the environment. Usually applied to instruments of a geographic scope wider than that of a bilateral agreement.

Genetic resources represent unique sources of information that have shown enormous benefits to humans (food, biotechnology, medicines). Those genetic resources often come from megadiverse and complex ecosystems where traditional knowledge and local communities play a great role in maintaining natural resources. Access and Benefit-Sharing (ABS) aims at defining ways in which genetic resources may be accessed, and how benefits derived from their use are equally shared.

The SDGs are the blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all. They address the global challenges we face, including those related to poverty, inequality, climate, environmental degradation, prosperity, and peace and justice. The Goals interconnect and in order to leave no one behind, it is important that we achieve each Goal and target by 2030.

Urban biodiversity refers to the variety and variability among living organisms found in a city and the ecological systems in which they occur. Overall, urban biodiversity responds to a combination of biogeographic and anthropogenic factors, with a strong influence of the latter. In a rapidly urbanizing world, there is a growing interest in understanding how cities benefit from local biodiversity.

Natural Capital accounting is a tool to measure the changes in the stock of natural capital at a variety of scales and to integrate the values of ecosystem services into national accounting and reporting systems at different levels.

Article 2 of the Convention on Biological Diversity defines “Other Effective area-based Conservation Measures” as geographically defined area other than a Protected Area, which is governed and managed in ways that achieve positive and sustained long- term outcomes for the insitu conservation of biodiversity,1 with associated ecosystem functions and services and, where applicable, cultural, spiritual, socioeconomic, and other locally relevant values”.

The mainstreaming of biodiversity can be defined as integrating or including actions related to conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity at every stage of the policy, plan, programme and project cycle, regardless whether international organizations, businesses or governments lead the process. This requires enhanced collaboration with development sectors and actors.

The CBD text defines sustainable use as the use of components of biological diversity in a way and at a rate that does not lead to the long-term decline of biological diversity, thereby maintaining its potential to meet the needs and aspirations of present and future generations. Natural renewable resources are unlimited resources. Sustainable use governance aims to support impacting sectors to reduce their burden on landscapes, seascapes, and ultimately on the relationship between Nature & People. The project’s objective is to create space for discussion between relevant stakeholders and experts in this field.

At next COP15 in Kunming, Parties are expected to make ambitious commitments to tackle biodiversity loss at a global scale, while ensuring the effective implementation of those commitments. Accountability has been identified as one of the most important means to cope with this key challenging issue. The project aims at promoting the understanding and the promotion of accountability mechanisms guaranteeing that Parties are liable for the implementation of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework.

Aichi Target 4 aims at contributing to the target established by the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation of changing unsustainable patterns of consumption and production by requiring that by 2020 the Parties have taken, or planning to take measures to promote sustainable consumption and production (SCP).

Intergenerational Equity is the recognition that all generations share a common responsibility in ensuring a healthy planet for the generations that follow. More particularly, it advocates for those generations in policy-making positions to be accountable for their choices and to acknowledge, respect, hear and give space for youth to be included in decision-making processes at all levels, in all fairness for current and future human populations. This concept is at the core of Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework - EU Support’s campaign to support Youth voices for biodiversity.

Agri-Food Systems EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030: Bringing back nature into our lives Post 2020 Local and Subnational Government Information Webinar – Biodiversity, food and nutrition for Health Agri-food systems webinar Canada SBSTTA23: Local and subnational governments on nature-based solutions – Montreal SBSTTA23: An apex goal for the Post- 2020 biodiversity framework: Proposals from science – Montreal SBSTTA23: Roadmap For Youth Engagement – Montreal SBSTTA23: Latin American & Caribbean perspectives – Montreal SBSTTA23: From science-policy’s messages for transformational change to post-2020 political decisions and actions – Montreal Montreal Mayor’s open letter to world leaders of local and subnational governments Resource Mobilization Resource Mobilization for Biodiversity Webinar The Economist Intelligence Unit Report: “Ecowakening” is under way! International day for biodiversity: South Africa & Team Europe are part of the solution! India Lead the Green Change! The European Union in India launches a nation-wide campaign for Nature Kenya Green Diplomacy Event EU-Kenya South Africa South African Youth Biodiversity Network Consultation Meeting African Youth Biodiversity Forum – Vhembe Biosphere Reserve International day for biodiversity: South Africa & Team Europe are part of the solution! Finance Finance in Common Summit Nature for Life Hub – Business and finance Day 2 – Greening our wallets in development, finance and business Conference: Nature’s Return, Finance Watch Health IPBES Pandemics report Lead the Green Change! The European Union in India launches a nation-wide campaign for Nature Nature Positive World Conservation Congress Post-2020 Pavilion: Preparing for the UNGA Biodiversity Summit WCC Post-2020 Pavilion: Intergenerational Equity and the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework World Conservation Congress Post-2020 Pavilion: The Role of Protected and Conserved Areas in Achieving Global Conservation Goals World Conservation Congress Post-2020 Pavilion – Global Goal for Nature: Nature Positive by 2030 World Conservation Congress Post-2020 Pavilion: Synergies between the Post-2020 GBF and other key global processes World Conservation Congress Post-2020 Pavilion: Driving transformative change for high ambition in the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework WCC Post-2020 Pavilion: Mainstreaming Impacts and Dependencies in the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework WCC Post-2020 Pavilion: Transforming the Financial System to Eliminate Nature Loss WCC Post-2020 Pavilion: Addressing Biodiversity Drivers of Loss in the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework Post-2020 Pavilion Partnership Virtual Biodiversity Dialogues EarthX: Global Goals for Nature, Climate & People Commitments & Pledges Leaders Pledge for Nature Youth unites for Nature through a Manifesto calling for international action for Nature The Edinburgh Declaration for subnational governments, cities and local authorities on the post-2020 global biodiversity framework Post-2020 Partnership World Conservation Congress Post-2020 Pavilion: Preparing for the UNGA Biodiversity Summit WCC Post-2020 Pavilion: Intergenerational Equity and the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework World Conservation Congress Post-2020 Pavilion: The Role of Protected and Conserved Areas in Achieving Global Conservation Goals World Conservation Congress Post-2020 Pavilion – Global Goal for Nature: Nature Positive by 2030 World Conservation Congress Post-2020 Pavilion: Synergies between the Post-2020 GBF and other key global processes World Conservation Congress Post-2020 Pavilion: Driving transformative change for high ambition in the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework WCC Post-2020 Pavilion: Mainstreaming Impacts and Dependencies in the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework WCC Post-2020 Pavilion: Transforming the Financial System to Eliminate Nature Loss WCC Post-2020 Pavilion: Addressing Biodiversity Drivers of Loss in the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework Post-2020 Pavilion Partnership Virtual Biodiversity Dialogues EarthX: Global Goals for Nature, Climate & People Climate Lead the Green Change! The European Union in India launches a nation-wide campaign for Nature Governance Marine & Coastal IAS Jobs Costa Rica’s CBD delegation Webinar series Land use planning Connectivity Peru Peru’s multilevel dialogue on the Post 2020 Biodiversity Subsidies Equity Finland Transformative change SBSTTA 24 IPBES Pandemics report EarthX: Global Goals for Nature, Climate & People Post-2020 Pavilion Partnership Virtual Biodiversity Dialogues Political Opportunities and Challenges for Securing High Ambition in the Post-2020 global biodiversity framework Outcomes of the Edinburgh Process on the role of subnational governments and local authorities in the post 2020 global biodiversity framework Nature for Life Hub – Business and finance Day 2 – Greening our wallets in development, finance and business World Conservation Congress Post-2020 Pavilion: Mainstreaming Impacts and Dependencies in the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework World Conservation Congress Post-2020 Pavillion – Intergenerational Equity and the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework Nature For Life Hub Day 4 – Local Action, Global Impact World Conservation Congress Post-2020 Pavilion: The Role of Protected and Conserved Areas in Achieving Global Conservation Goals World Conservation Congress Post-2020 Pavilion: Global Goal for Nature: Nature Positive by 2030 World Conservation Congress Post-2020 Pavilion: Addressing Biodiversity Drivers of Loss in the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework Synergies between the Post-2020 GBF and other key global processes EU Green Week – A NEW BEGINNING FOR PEOPLE AND NATURE Daring Cities 2020 – a Global Virtual Forum for Urban Leaders The United Nations Biodiversity Summit at the 75th session of UN General Assembly World Conservation Congress call to action: “An equitable, carbon-neutral, nature-positive world” Leaders Pledge for Nature Nature is everyone’s business”: 560 businesses call for ambitious and collective action for nature Costa Rica Costa Rica in the spotlight for the International Biodiversity Day Defining Costa Rica’s ambition for the Post 2020 biodiversity framework Costa Rica’s CBD delegation working session on transformative change Costa Rica + Natura: an ambitious set of consultations to the private sector and civil society Costa Rica’s CBD delegation Webinar series Mexico National consultation workshop on Post-2020 – Mexico Mexico’s multilevel dialogue on the Post 2020 Biodiversity Framework Implementation Thematic Consultation on Transparent Implementation, Monitoring, Reporting and Review – Rome EU Presidency workshop on commitments, implementation and accountability – Brussels Second OEWG meeting – Rome 1rst Open-Ended Working Group – OEWG Nairobi EU dialogue on transformative change in the global post-2020 biodiversity framework – Brussels SBSTTA24 & SBI3: UN Biodiversity Convention holds virtual meetings essential to development of post-2020 global biodiversity framework Restoration Preparatory Workshop “Integrated Local Approaches to Ecosystems Restoration Governance” – Rio de Janeiro Side-event on Protected Areas and Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures – Lima Brazilian Perspectives on the Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework – São Paulo European Union – African Group Dialogue on the Post 2020 Biodiversity Framework World Environment Day, Possible Dialogues Program 2020 – Brazil The Economist Intelligence Unit Report: “Ecowakening” is under way! Protected Areas Side-event on Protected Areas and Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures – Lima World Environment Day, Possible Dialogues Program 2020 – Brazil World Conservation Congress Post-2020 Pavilion: The Role of Protected and Conserved Areas in Achieving Global Conservation Goals International day for biodiversity: South Africa & Team Europe are part of the solution! Latin America & Caribbean Side-event on Protected Areas and Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures – Lima Preparatory Workshop “Integrated Local Approaches to Ecosystems Restoration Governance” – Rio de Janeiro Latin American & Caribbean perspectives on the post-2020 global biodiversity framework – Santiago de Chile SBSTTA23: Latin American & Caribbean perspectives – Montreal National consultation workshop on Post-2020 – Mexico Brazilian Perspectives on the Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework – São Paulo Costa Rica’s CBD delegation working session on transformative change Peru’s multilevel dialogue on the Post 2020 Biodiversity Brazil “Integrated Local Approaches to Ecosystems Restoration Governance” – Rio de Janeiro Brazilian Perspectives on the Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework – São Paulo World Environment Day, Possible Dialogues Program 2020 – Brazil Sustainable production and consumption in Brazil Asia MAB Youth Forum – Changbaishan EU-Japan Dialogue – Tokyo 2nd EU-China Dialogue – Beijing 3rd EU-China workshop on biodiversity – Beijing Convention of the Conservation on Migratory Species of Wild Animals – Gandhinagar SBSTTA, SBI & OEWG 1rst Open-Ended Working Group – OEWG Nairobi SBSTTA23: Local and subnational governments on nature-based solutions – Montreal SBSTTA23: An apex goal for the Post- 2020 biodiversity framework: Proposals from science – Montreal SBSTTA23: Roadmap For Youth Engagement – Montreal SBSTTA23: Latin American & Caribbean perspectives – Montreal SBSTTA23: From science-policy’s messages for transformational change to post-2020 political decisions and actions – Montreal SBSTTA24 & SBI3: UN Biodiversity Convention holds virtual meetings essential to development of post-2020 global biodiversity framework Second meeting of the Open-ended Working Group – Rome Egypt COP14 – Sharm el Sheikh Colombia The Nature of Cities – TNOC Medellín Colombia National Consultation Workshop on Post-2020 - Bogotá Colombia’s multilevel dialogue on the Post 2020 Biodiversity Framework Monitoring & Reporting Thematic Consultation on Transparent Implementation, Monitoring, Reporting and Review - Rome EU Presidency workshop on commitments, implementation and accountability – Brussels Uganda Natural Capital Accounting, ABS, DSI – Kampala Uganda national workshop on Zero Draft – Entebbe Japan EU-Japan Dialogue - Tokyo France The Nature of Cities Summit – TNOC Paris Les Rendez-vous de l’Expertise – UNESCO “Youth Leadership Dialogue” for the Planet at UNESCO HQ – Paris “#BiodiversityNeedsYouTH !”: Paris Peace Forum – Paris DISCOVERING BIODIVERSITY INITIATIVES IN LILLE One Planet Summit for Biodiversity Subnational & Local Governments Post 2020 Local and Subnational Government Information Webinar – Ramping up action for nature: updates & the youth perspective Festival The Nature of Cities (TNOC) ICLEI World Congress SBSTTA23: Local and subnational governments on nature-based solutions – Montreal SBSTTA23: From science-policy’s messages for transformational change to post-2020 political decisions and actions – Montreal Post 2020 Local and Subnational Government Information #22 – What’s business doing for biodiversity? Post 2020 Local and Subnational Government Information #24 – Rising to the restoration challenge Post 2020 Local and Subnational Government Information Webinars #17 Post 2020 Local and Subnational Government Information Webinar #23 Post 2020 Local and Subnational Government Information Webinar - Biodiversity, food and nutrition for Health Montreal Mayor’s open letter to world leaders of local and subnational governments Thematic Workshop for Subnational, Regional & Local Governments for the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework Post 2020 Local and Subnational Government Information Webinars #13 Post 2020 Local and Subnational Government Information Webinars #14 Post 2020 Local and Subnational Government Information Webinars #15 Daring Cities 2020 – a Global Virtual Forum for Urban Leaders Nature For Life Hub Day 4 – Local Action, Global Impact Outcomes of the Edinburgh Process on the role of subnational governments and local authorities in the post 2020 global biodiversity framework EU Green Week – A NEW BEGINNING FOR PEOPLE AND NATURE United for Nature on World Cities Day Cities Post 2020 Local and Subnational Government Information Webinar – Ramping up action for nature: updates & the youth perspective Festival The Nature of Cities (TNOC) ICLEI World Congress SBSTTA23: Local and subnational governments on nature-based solutions – Montreal SBSTTA23: From science-policy’s messages for transformational change to post-2020 political decisions and actions – Montreal Post 2020 Local and Subnational Government Information #22 – What’s business doing for biodiversity? Thematic Workshop for Subnational, Regional & Local Governments for the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework – Edimburgh Post 2020 Local and Subnational Government Information Webinars #17 Post 2020 Local and Subnational Government Information Webinar #123 Post 2020 Local and Subnational Government Information Webinar - Biodiversity, food and nutrition for Health Montreal Mayor’s open letter to world leaders of local and subnational governments Thematic Workshop for Subnational, Regional & Local Governments for the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework Post 2020 Local and Subnational Government Information Webinars #13 Post 2020 Local and Subnational Government Information Webinars #14 Post 2020 Local and Subnational Government Information Webinars #15 Daring Cities 2020 – a Global Virtual Forum for Urban Leaders Nature For Life Hub Day 4 – Local Action, Global Impact Outcomes of the Edinburgh Process on the role of subnational governments and local authorities in the post 2020 global biodiversity framework EU Green Week – A NEW BEGINNING FOR PEOPLE AND NATURE United for Nature on World Cities Day Youth #StopTheSame! for youth, biodiversity and our future “Youth Leadership Dialogue” for the Planet at UNESCO HQ – Paris #BiodiversityNeedsYouTH ! Paris Peace Forum – Paris MAB Youth Forum - Changbaishan SBSTTA23: Roadmap For Youth Engagement – Montreal African Youth Biodiversity Forum - Vhembe Biosphere Reserve Youth networks mobilize during Biodiversity Week 2020 Africa Day 2020: the African youth have already taken a stance for biodiversity! WCC Post-2020 Pavilion – Intergenerational Equity and the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework Youth unit for Nature through a Manifesto calling for international action for Nature UN BIODIVERSITY SUMMIT: Accelerated biodiversity loss re-ignites calls for action by Heads of State and Government Rallying Youth Voices to Biodiversity: GYBN organizes its second online capacity-building training GYBN Transformative Education workshop GYBN India Youth Consultation Youth Environment Assembly IUCN Global Youth Summit South African Youth Biodiversity Consultation Meeting Towards a common youth position on the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Network Civil Society Les Rendez-vous de l’Expertise – UNESCO The Nature of Cities Summit - TNOC Paris Post-2020 Pavilion Partnership Virtual Biodiversity Dialogues World Conservation Congress Post-2020 Pavilion: Political Opportunities and Challenges for Securing High Ambition in the Post-2020 global biodiversity framework World Conservation Congress Post-2020 Pavilion: Transforming the Financial System to Eliminate Nature Loss World Conservation Congress Post-2020 Pavilion: Mainstreaming Impacts and Dependencies in the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework World Conservation Congress Post-2020 Pavilion – Intergenerational Equity and the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework World Conservation Congress Post-2020 Pavilion: Global Goal for Nature: Nature Positive by 2030 World Conservation Congress Post-2020 Pavilion: The Role of Protected and Conserved Areas in Achieving Global Conservation Goals World Conservation Congress Post-2020 Pavilion: Addressing Biodiversity Drivers of Loss in the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework Synergies between the Post-2020 GBF and other key global processes World Conservation Congress call to action: “An equitable, carbon-neutral, nature-positive world The Nature 4 Life Hub : putting nature at the heart of development and green recovery ahead of UN General Assembly’s Biodiversity Summit One Planet Summit for Biodiversity Africa African Youth Biodiversity Forum - Vhembe Biosphere Reserve 1rst Open-Ended Working Group – Nairobi Natural Capital Accounting, ABS, DSI – Kampala Natural Capital Accounting Workshop – Addis Ababa COP14 – Sharm el Sheikh Sustainable consumption and production workshop – Rabat EU-African Group Dialogue on the Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework - eSwatini Uganda national workshop on Zero Draft – Entebbe Africa Day 2020: the African youth have already taken a stance for biodiversity! Business Les Rendez-vous de l’Expertise – UNESCO Virtual Global Conference on Biodiversity Finance – OECD Conference: Nature’s Return, Finance Watch Building business resilience, Business For Nature World Conservation Congress Post-2020 Pavilion: Transforming the Financial System to Eliminate Nature Loss Nature for Life Hub – Business and finance Day 2 – Greening our wallets in development, finance and business Nature is everyone’s business”: 560 businesses call for ambitious and collective action for nature EU Green Week – A NEW BEGINNING FOR PEOPLE AND NATURE Business consultation on the CBD Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework Finance in Common Summit Business For Nature workshop on Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework Lead the Green Change! The European Union in India launches a nation-wide campaign for Nature Lead the Green Change! The European Union in India launches a nation-wide campaign for Nature China EU-China Dialogue - Beijing MAB Youth Forum Third EU-China workshop on biodiversity – Beijing EU EU-Japan Dialogue - Tokyo 2nd EU-China Dialogue - Beijing EU workshop on commitments, implementation and accountability - Brussels European Union – African Group Dialogue on the Post 2020 Biodiversity Framework – eSwatini 3rd EU-China workshop on biodiversity – Beijing EU Green Week – A NEW BEGINNING FOR PEOPLE AND NATURE EU Workshop on transformative change in the global post-2020 Biodiversity Framework Green Diplomacy Event EU-Kenya International day for biodiversity: South Africa & Team Europe are part of the solution! Nature-Based Solutions MAB Youth Forum – Changbaishan SBSTTA23: Local and subnational governments on nature-based solutions – Montreal UNFCCC COP25 - Madrid SBSTTA23: From science-policy’s messages for transformational change to post-2020 political decisions and actions – Montreal Brazilian Perspectives on the Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework – São Paulo Costa Rica in the spotlight for the International Biodiversity Day World Environment Day, Possible Dialogues Program 2020 – Brazil Multilateral Agreements UNCCD COP14 Side Event – New Delhi CITES COP18 - Geneva Les Rendez-vous de l’Expertise – UNESCO Second meeting of the Open-ended Working Group – Rome Convention of the Conservation on Migratory Species of Wild Animals – Gandhinagar Access and Benefit-Sharing Natural Capital Accounting, ABS, DSI - Kampala European Union – African Group Dialogue on the Post 2020 Biodiversity Framework Sustainable Development COP14 – Sharm el Sheikh The Nature of Cities Summit - TNOC Paris The Nature of Cities – Medellín UNFCCC COP25 - Madrid African Youth Biodiversity Forum - Vhembe Biosphere Reserve Second meeting of the Open-ended Working Group – Rome Urban biodiversity The Nature of Cities – Medellín The Nature of Cities - TNOC Paris UNCCD COP14 Side Event – New Delhi DISCOVERING BIODIVERSITY INITIATIVES IN LILLE Natural Capital Accounting Natural Capital Accounting Workshop – Addis Ababa Natural Capital Accounting, ABS, DSI - Kampala OECM Preparatory Workshop “Integrated Local Approaches to Ecosystems Restoration Governance” – Rio de Janeiro Side-event on Protected Areas and Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures – Lima MAB Youth Forum – Changbaishan Mainstreaming The Nature of Cities - TNOC Paris The Nature of Cities – TNOC Medellín European Union – African Group Dialogue on the Post 2020 Biodiversity Framework Second meeting of the Open-ended Working Group – Rome Thematic Consultation on Transparent Implementation, Monitoring, Reporting and Review - Rome WCC Post-2020 Pavilion: Mainstreaming Impacts and Dependencies in the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework Informal online workshop on biodiversity mainstreaming Lead the Green Change! The European Union in India launches a nation-wide campaign for Nature Lead the Green Change! The European Union in India launches a nation-wide campaign for Nature Sustainable use EU-Japan Dialogue - Tokyo The Nature of Cities – Medellín Side-event on Protected Areas and Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures – Lima CEPAL – Latin American & Caribbean perspectives on the post-2020 global biodiversity framework – Santiago Colombia National Consultation Workshop on Post-2020 - Bogotá Second OEWG meeting – Rome Convention of the Conservation on Migratory Species of Wild Animals – Gandhinagar The Economist Intelligence Unit Report: “Ecowakening” is under way! Accountability & Transparency EU-Japan Dialogue - Tokyo EU workshop on commitments, implementation and accountability - Brussels SBSTTA23: From science-policy’s messages for transformational change to post-2020 political decisions and actions – Montreal Thematic Consultation on Transparent Implementation, Monitoring, Reporting and Review - Rome Workshop on “Operational and legal options for the new Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)’s responsibility and transparency framework Sustainable Consumption & Production Sustainable consumption and production workshop – Rabat European Union – African Group Dialogue on the Post 2020 Biodiversity Framework - eSwatini Convention of the Conservation on Migratory Species of Wild Animals – Gandhinagar Sustainable production and consumption in Brazil Intergenerational Equity 1rst Open-Ended Working Group - OEWG Nairobi “Youth Leadership Dialogue” for the Planet at UNESCO HQ – Paris “#BiodiversityNeedsYouTH !”: Paris Peace Forum – Paris African Youth Biodiversity Forum – Vhembe Biosphere Reserve Youth networks mobilize during Biodiversity Week 2020 Africa Day 2020: the African youth have already taken a stance for biodiversity! WCC Post-2020 Pavilion – Intergenerational Equity and the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework Youth unit for Nature through a Manifesto calling for international action for Nature Rallying Youth Voices to Biodiversity: GYBN organizes its second online capacity-building training

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